The Paris Convention, concluded in 1883, is the backbone of the International Industrial Property System and is responsible for protecting: patents, trademarks, utility models, industrial designs, trade names, geographical indications, and contains provisions to SUPPRESS UNFAIR COMPETITION.
Like the Berne Convention, the Paris Convention establishes fundamental principles for the international intellectual property system, specifically in the field of industrial property, the content of these principles is as follows:
1.- Principle of National Treatment: It refers to the fact that all signatory countries must provide nationals of other members with the same protection as they grant their nationals, where they have their domicile or industrial or commercial establishment in one of the states party to the convention.
2.- Principle of Unionist treatment or specially recognized rights: It is a minimum standard of protection of direct application for inventors and improvers established in the treaty, within this standard there are different rights, examples of which are:
- Right of Priority: It is to recognize the date of the first application filed in any of the treaty countries as the date of subsequent requests in the rest of the and within 6 months in the case of trade marks.
- Right of Independent Protection: Protection provided or denied in one country member of the treaty does not oblige another to deny it or provide it in the case of the same invention.
- Paternity Law: The right of the inventor or breeder to be recognized as such.
These principles and rights harmonize the International Industrial Property System by streamlining and facilitating the protection of inventions, improvements, distinctive signs and geographical indications in nearly 200 countries, saving time and resources.
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