Work of Minors in Mexican Legislation
Work of minors in Mexican legislation. The Federal Labor Law provides for the work of minors with restrictions on their hiring and work to be carried out, which are under the responsibility of the employer and under the supervision of the Labor authorities. The work of minors is regulated, among others, in articles 22, 22 Bis., 23 and 29, as well as in TITLE FIVE BIS Child Labor of the Federal Labor Law that establish the following:
• Those over the age of fifteen can be hired.
• Those over the age of fifteen and under the age of sixteen need authorization from their parents or guardians and, in their absence, the union to which they belong, the Court, the Labor Inspector or the Political Authority.
• Minor workers must receive full payment of their wages.
• The work of minors under fifteen years of age is prohibited.
• They must have completed their compulsory basic education, except in cases approved by the labor authority, the compatibility between studies and work.
• Work in any type of activity that is dangerous to your health, safety or morality, or that affects the exercise of your rights and its integral development is prohibited.
• The use of minors for the provision of services outside the Republic is prohibited, except in the case of technicians, professionals, artists, athletes and, in general, specialized workers.
Likewise, the workday of minors under the age of sixteen cannot exceed six hours per day and must be divided into maximum periods of three hours, therefore, the work of minors in overtime and on Sundays and mandatory rest. Minors will enjoy an annual period of paid vacation of at least eighteen working days.
In everything related to the work of minors, it is subject to the special vigilance and protection of the federal and local labor authorities. Likewise, they must present a medical certificate attesting to their aptitude for work and undergo medical examinations periodically ordered by the corresponding labor authorities, otherwise they cannot be hired by any employer.
“At Bandala Díaz García we provide you with the best legal advice in labor-business matters, in order to protect your rights and your assets.”